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San Carlos de Borromeo Castle (Pampatar)
San Carlos de Borromeo Castle located in Pampatar city, built between 1664 and 1684 on the site of the original fort destroyed in 1662 when Dutch pirates set fire to Pampatar, is a classic example of colonial military architecture. It was completely restored in 1968 and many of the paintings depicting different historical events can be appreciated by visitors from Monday to Sunday, from 9:00 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. and from 2:00 p.m. to 5:30 p.m. (Hours may vary by season.)
Santa Rosa Castle (La Asunción)
Santa Rosa Castle, overlooking the city of La Asunción on the way to La Sierra or Cerro El Copey National Park near The Reservoir, was built in 1682 on the site of the older San Bernardo Fort and declared a National Historic Monument on October 29, 1965. It houses an interesting museum of colonial weaponry, as well as the cell in which Luisa Cáceres de Arismendi, wife of one of the greatest independence war heroes Juan Bautista Arismendi, was kept prisoner at age 16. The fort has an irregular floor plan and was built at an angle to give the cannons complete domination of the valley. A tunnel over a kilometer long connected the fort to the Governor’s House and the Convent of San Francisco. Nowadays, it is closed. Visiting schedule for the public is from Monday to Sunday from 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. (Hours may vary by season.)
La Galera Fortress (Juan Griego)
La Galera Fortress was built on a hill dominating Juangriego and La Galera bays by the Provincial Board of Margarita in 1811 on the site of some ruins, a relatively minor fortification. On August 8, 1817, it became the scene of a heroic and bloody battle which took place at the lagoon behind this fortress, named after this battle: The Lagoon of the Martyrs. Up to this day people from La Galera and Juangriego commemorate this date. Sunsets are spectacular here. Tourists from everywhere are attracted to watch the sunsets from the top of the fortress while listening to local young people narrate the island’s history like poets . It is open from Tuesday to Sunday from 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. and from 2:00 p.m. to 7:30 p.m. (Hours may vary by season.)
España Fortress (Santa Ana)
The ruins of España Fortress which date back to the seventeenth century are located on a hill in Santa Ana del Norte on the way to Pedro González, a strategic location midway La Asunción and Juan Griego. This fortification communicated with two batteries of La Galera Fortress through shots or by a change of light produced by mirrors. Its main objective was to protect Santa Ana del Norte of the attacks from the pirates coming from Juan Griego or Pedro González.
La Caranta Fortress (Pampatar)
The ruins of La Caranta Fortress are located on the highest peak in La Caranta in Pampatar, to the east side of San Carlos de Borromeo Castle. There are eleven cannons pointing to the sea. A beautiful seascape can be appreciated from here.